President Donald Trump‘s White House has a doozy of a turnover rate.
The Brookings Institution reports that 62% of top-level White House positions — excluding the cabinet — have seen turnover under Trump as of December 2018. Nine cabinet members have also left the administration in Trump’s first two years of office, the same number of secretaries who left Obama’s cabinet throughout his eight year term.
Some of these top advisers were fired. Other officials decided to leave on their own, for various reasons. For example, chief of staff John Kelly resigned after months of conflict and strife between him and Trump.
Either way, many commentators have pointed out that the sieve-like nature of the White House seems to speak to a turbulent environment. That’s a characterization which Trump himself has disputed. “There is no Chaos, only great Energy!” he tweeted.
So what happens to the people who leave? What sort of roles have Trump administration alumni been able to pick up once they exit the White House?
It’s too early to tell for most recent departures, like Rod Rosenstein and Kirstjen Nielsen. Former officials like Sean Spicer and Omarosa Maginault-Newman wrote juicy tell-alls, while others went back to their private sector roots. And still others are embarking on totally new ventures.
Here’s a look at where all of the White House’s high-profile departures are today, from most to least recent departures: